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Overview

The Global Nutrition Policy Review 2016–2017 is the report of the
second comprehensive analysis of nutrition-related policy environment,
coordination mechanisms, available capacities and actions being taken in
the WHO Member States. 176 Member States (91%) and one area responded
to the survey carried out between July 2016 and December 2017 on topic
areas related to infant and young child nutrition, school health and
nutrition, promotion of healthy diets, vitamin and mineral nutrition,
prevention and management of acute malnutrition and nutrition, and
infectious disease. The findings presented in this report will help in
tracking progress towards achieving the commitments made at the 2014
Second International Conference on Nutrition (ICN2) and will also serve
as a baseline for monitoring country actions in achieving the
commitments of the UN Decade of Action on Nutrition (2016–2025).

Great progress has been made in terms of developing
and implementing national policies since the Global Nutrition Policy
Review 2009–2010 was conducted, with national policies increasingly
having specific nutrition goals and targets which are in line with the
global nutrition and diet-related NCD targets 2025 adopted by the World
Health Assembly and subsequently by the ICN2 and the UN General Assembly
as part of the Sustainable Development Goals and the UN Decade of
Action on Nutrition. Countries are also implementing relevant actions,
in particular to address stunting as well as overweight and obesity.
More countries are also taking actions to protect, promote and support
breastfeeding. In contrast, there has been a notable weakening in the
area of school health and nutrition

Globally, changes are happening in the
nutrition-related policy environment with an increasing number of
countries taking regulatory action to improve food environment to
promote healthy diets and nutrition. These include the implementation of
nutrition labelling, fiscal policies, trans fat bans, reformulation of
food products, and restricting marketing of foods and non-alcoholic
beverages to children.

Nutrition governance has also been strengthened
since the last Global Nutrition Policy Review was conducted in
2009-2010, with a higher proportion of countries reporting that they
have established nutrition coordination mechanisms in high government
offices, such as in the office of the President or Prime Minister,
reflecting the growing recognition of the importance of the nutrition
agenda. However, current progress and trends in achieving the global
nutrition and diet-related NCD targets 2025 are not sufficient, and
these global targets are unlikely to be achieved unless accelerated
actions are implemented worldwide.