As parents we try to do everything we can to protect our little ones from danger, but sometimes accidents happen and how fast you are able to respond properly could make a huge difference.
With that in mind, we asked Daisy First Aid, the UK’s leading baby/children’s first aid franchise to give us some top tips on what to do if your baby or child is choking or receives a burn.
Daisy First Aid was founded in 2014 by former police officer Jenni Dunman, who experienced a vast number of first aid emergencies during her time in the force.
The idea to launch Daisy First Aid came when her friend’s daughter began to choke on a cookie. Thankfully, as an advanced first aider, Jenni knew exactly what to do and she quickly stepped in to successfully remove the blockage, and the little girl recovered with no injuries. It was then that Jenni realised first aid was not something that was typically offered to new parents, and many might not be aware of the basic skills needed to safely save their child’s life.
Daisy First Aid has worked with many celebrities who’ve praised their service, including Gemma Atkinson, Vogue and Spencer Matthews, Christine Lampard and Rochelle and Marvin Humes.
Here are some of Jenni’s top tips:
From an early age, babies love to explore new objects with their mouths. They do this for a number of reasons such as to examine new tastes or textures, or to help little teeth emerge. Furthermore, if they are teething they may reach for something to soothe the pain of sore gums.
You will know if your baby is choking if they are unable to cough, cry or breathe. In this case you should follow these steps:
- Check the mouth for the object – if you can confidently pick it out with your fingertips then do so, but take great care not to push it in further.
- Sit down and lay your baby face down along your thigh supporting their head.
- Give up to five sharp blows between their shoulder blades with the heel of you hand.
- If the back blows do not clear the blockage, give up to five chest thrusts.
- Lay your baby face up along the length of your thigh, put two fingers just below the centre of the chest and push inwards up to five times.
- Check their mouth regularly and remove the object if possible.
- If choking persists, repeat back blows and chest thrusts until you dislodge the object and they can breathe
Further tips to prevent choking:
- Always supervise your baby/toddler when eating. Lots of parents give their children snacks in the backseat of the car, but they aren’t in view. Choking is often silent so it might take a while for the parent/carer to notice.
- Keep small objects out of their hands. One of the most common dangerous objects that often falls in to the wrong hands are button batteries, which are found in lots of toys.
- Always make sure your child is sat up right whilst eating and drinking.
There are so many ways a child could sustain a burn. Hot fluids, ovens, irons, hair straighteners, chemical or electrical burns and sunburn are just a few, and all more common than you may think.
The good news is they are all treated in the same way with water. As soon as a child suffers a burn, you need to put the affected area under cool, running water for at least 10 minutes, or until the pain is relieved. This will be more comfortable for the child if the water is cool rather than freezing cold.
If there is no water available, you can use any cold harmless liquid such as milk or other drinks. If you can, gently remove any clothing on the burn, but if it stuck, leave it alone. Once the burn is cool, cover it with cling film or a clean plastic bag to prevent infection.
You must seek medical advice if the burn is any one of the following:
- On hands, feet, face or genitals
- Larger than the size of the casualty’s hand
- Is a deep, open burn
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It is very important not to:
- Pop blisters
- Apply plasters or any other sticky or fluffy dressings
- Use any lotions or potions
- Listen to any old wives’ tales – butter should not be used under any circumstance
Chemical burns are treated with water exactly the same way, except the cooling time should be doubled to at least 20 minutes.
If your child has suffered an electrical burn. Do not touch the child until they are removed from the electricity or it is switched off. There may be an entry point burn and an exit burn where the electricity has travelled through the body. Cool the burns with water for at least 10 minutes and always call for emergency help as there may be hidden internal injuries.
Baby Recovery Position
- Cradle the baby in your arms with their head tilted downward
- Holding them in this position will keep their airway open and stop them choking on their tongue or breathing in any vomit.
Further information and other helpful tips can be found via the website.